RELATED BOOKS
Speech Acts, Speakers, and Hearers
Language: en
Pages: 142
Authors: Henk Haverkate
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 1984-01-01 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

This study is an inquiry into the pragmatics of speaker and hearer reference. It falls into a theory-based and a description-based part. The former covers three topics: (a) the categories of speaker and hearer as opposed to the category of nonparticipants in the speech act; (b) the interactional roles of speaker and hearer as defined by the illocutionary point of the speech act and the preconditions underlying its successful performance; (c) the decomposition of the speech act as a model for describing strategies in verbal interaction. The object of the descriptive part of this study is to survey the different realizations of the categories of speaker and hearer reference and the strategic effects speakers intend to bring about by employing them. For this purpose, a language-specific analysis is applied to the system of speaker and hearer reference in Peninsular Spanish. For the sake of homogeneity, Peninsular Spanish is also chosen as the object language for the discussion of the general language phenomena which are treated in the theoretical discussion.
Speech Acts, Speakers, and Hearers
Language: en
Pages: 142
Authors: Henk Haverkate
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 1984 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

This study is an inquiry into the pragmatics of speaker and hearer reference. It falls into a theory-based and a description-based part. The former covers three topics: (a) the categories of speaker and hearer as opposed to the category of nonparticipants in the speech act; (b) the interactional roles of speaker and hearer as defined by the illocutionary point of the speech act and the preconditions underlying its successful performance; (c) the decomposition of the speech act as a model for describing strategies in verbal interaction. The object of the descriptive part of this study is to survey the different realizations of the categories of speaker and hearer reference and the strategic effects speakers intend to bring about by employing them. For this purpose, a language-specific analysis is applied to the system of speaker and hearer reference in Peninsular Spanish. For the sake of homogeneity, Peninsular Spanish is also chosen as the object language for the discussion of the general language phenomena which are treated in the theoretical discussion.
Varieties of Questions in English Conversation
Language: en
Pages: 252
Authors: Elizabeth G. Weber
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 1993-01-01 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

This book examines relations which hold between morphosyntactic form and communicative function in discourse by examining form-function correlations of noninterrogative questions in ordinary English conversation. So-called nontypical declarative and nonclausal questions are identified functionally. The role morphosyntax plays in the production and interpretation of these forms as doing questioning is then considered. Speakers are shown to use specific patterns of morphosyntactic marking to enable recipients to interpret noninterrogatives as functional questions. Explanations for morphosyntactic patterns found in the data are stated in terms of discourse use.
Readings in Artificial Intelligence
Language: en
Pages: 558
Authors: Bonnie Lynn Webber, Nils J. Nilsson
Categories: Computers
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-05-12 - Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

Readings in Artificial Intelligence focuses on the principles, methodologies, advancements, and approaches involved in artificial intelligence. The selection first elaborates on representations of problems of reasoning about actions, a problem similarity approach to devising heuristics, and optimal search strategies for speech understanding control. Discussions focus on comparison with existing speech understanding systems, empirical comparisons of the different strategies, analysis of distance function approximation, problem similarity, problems of reasoning about action, search for solution in the reduction system, and relationship between the initial search space and the higher level search space. The book then examines consistency in networks of relations, non-resolution theorem proving, using rewriting rules for connection graphs to prove theorems, and closed world data bases. The manuscript tackles a truth maintenance system, elements of a plan-based theory of speech acts, and reasoning about knowledge and action. Topics include problems in reasoning about knowledge, integration knowledge and action, models of plans, compositional adequacy, truth maintenance mechanisms, dialectical arguments, and assumptions and the problem of control. The selection is a valuable reference for researchers wanting to explore the field of artificial intelligence.
Readings in Distributed Artificial Intelligence
Language: en
Pages: 668
Authors: Alan H. Bond, Les Gasser
Categories: Computers
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-06-05 - Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

Most artificial intelligence research investigates intelligent behavior for a single agent--solving problems heuristically, understanding natural language, and so on. Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) is concerned with coordinated intelligent behavior: intelligent agents coordinating their knowledge, skills, and plans to act or solve problems, working toward a single goal, or toward separate, individual goals that interact. DAI provides intellectual insights about organization, interaction, and problem solving among intelligent agents. This comprehensive collection of articles shows the breadth and depth of DAI research. The selected information is relevant to emerging DAI technologies as well as to practical problems in artificial intelligence, distributed computing systems, and human-computer interaction. "Readings in Distributed Artificial Intelligence" proposes a framework for understanding the problems and possibilities of DAI. It divides the study into three realms: the natural systems approach (emulating strategies and representations people use to coordinate their activities), the engineering/science perspective (building automated, coordinated problem solvers for specific applications), and a third, hybrid approach that is useful in analyzing and developing mixed collections of machines and human agents working together. The editors introduce the volume with an important survey of the motivations, research, and results of work in DAI. This historical and conceptual overview combines with chapter introductions to guide the reader through this fascinating field. A unique and extensive bibliography is also provided.
Foundations of Speech Act Theory
Language: en
Pages: 512
Authors: S.L. Tsohatzidis
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2002-09-11 - Publisher: Routledge

Foundations of Speech Act Theory investigates the importance of speech act theory to the problem of meaning in linguistics and philosophy. The papers in this volume, written by respected philosophers and linguists, significantly advance standards of debate in this area. Beginning with a detailed introduction to the individual contributors, this collection demonstrates the relevance of speech acts to semantic theory. It includes essays unified by the assumption that current pragmatic theories are not well equipped to analyse speech acts satisfactorily, and concludes with five studies which assess the relevance of speech act theory to the understanding of philosophical problems outside the area of philosophy of language.
Spanish Pragmatics
Language: en
Pages: 284
Authors: M. Placencia, Rosina Márquez Reiter
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2005-06-28 - Publisher: Springer

The first substantial textbook on pragmatics to focus on Spanish. The authors discuss key theories within the Anglo-American tradition of pragmatics, concentrating on the relationship between language use and socio-cultural contexts, and their uptake by Hispanists. Drawing on research by foremost scholars in the field, with reference to a wide range of 'Spanishes', including a first treatment of 'sociopragmatic variation'. Concepts throughout are illustrated with real language examples taken from different Spanish corpora. The book is carefully structured to be appropriate for upper-level undergraduate, as well as postgraduate, students.
Expression and Meaning
Language: en
Pages: 187
Authors: John R. Searle
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 1985-11-27 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

A direct successor to Searle's Speech Acts (C.U.P. 1969), Expression and Meaning refines earlier analyses and extends speech-act theory to new areas including indirect and figurative discourse, metaphor and fiction.
Rethinking Sequentiality
Language: en
Pages: 295
Authors: Anita Fetzer, Christiane Meierkord
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2002-01-01 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

This book addresses current approaches to sequentiality in pragmatics and discourse analysis. It reflects the current moves in ethnomethodological conversation analysis and speech act theory to cross methodological borders to arrive at a conception of a sequence, which extends the local notion of sequentiality by integrating further constitutive components, such as cognition, intentionality, activity type, culture and genre. The individual contributions were presented at the 7th IPrA Conference held in Budapest in the year 2000. They range from critical analyses of speech act theory and cognitive pragmatics to detailed micro analyses of genre- and activity-specific constraints on the production and interpretation of meaning. The first part sequences in theory and practice: minimal and unbounded discusses the theoretical premises and exemplifies these by detailed data analyses. The second part sequences in discourse: the micro-macro interface examines genre-specific constraints on individual sequences and shows the benefits of supplementing the microanalytic concept of sequentiality with macroanalytic categories.
Recontextualizing Context
Language: en
Pages: 267
Authors: Anita Fetzer
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2004 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

In the humanities and social sciences, context is one of those terms which is frequently used and frequently referred to, but hardly made explicit. This book proposes a model for describing the multifaceted connectedness between language and language use, and between cognitive context, linguistic context, social context and sociocultural context and their underlying principles of well-formedness, grammaticality, acceptability and appropriateness. Combining a range of theoretical frameworks in linguistics, pragmatics, sociolinguistics, discourse analysis and philosophy of language, Fetzer goes beyond the unilateral conception of speech and argues for a dialogue outlook on natural-language communication based on dialogue principles and dialogue categories. The most important ones are cooperation, joint production, micro and macro communicative intentions, micro and macro validity claims, co-suppositions, dialogue-common ground and communicative genre.
Third Language Learners
Language: en
Pages: 184
Authors: Maria Pilar Safont Jordà
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2005-01-01 - Publisher: Multilingual Matters

The book aims to provide a bridge between two applied linguistics subfields, namely those of interlanguage pragmatics and third language acquisition. It examines the production and identification of request acts formulas on the part of bilingual learners of English in the Valencian Community (Spain). Previous to the empirical study itself, we present an overview of the theoretical background and the sociolinguistic context where the experiment was conducted.
Grammars and Descriptions
Language: en
Pages: 415
Authors: Teun A. van Dijk, János S. Petöfi
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-08-01 - Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

To celebrate the 270th anniversary of the De Gruyter publishing house, the company is providing permanent open access to 270 selected treasures from the De Gruyter Book Archive. Titles will be made available to anyone, anywhere at any time that might be interested. The DGBA project seeks to digitize the entire backlist of titles published since 1749 to ensure that future generations have digital access to the high-quality primary sources that De Gruyter has published over the centuries.