Science as Psychology
Language: en
Authors: Lisa M. Osbeck, Nancy J. Nersessian, Kareen R. Malone, Wendy C. Newstetter
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2010-11-22 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Science as Psychology reveals the complexity and richness of rationality by demonstrating how social relationships, emotion, culture, and identity are implicated in the problem-solving practices of laboratory scientists. In this study, the authors gather and analyze interview and observational data from innovation-focused laboratories in the engineering sciences to show how the complex practices of laboratory research scientists provide rich psychological insights, and how a better understanding of science practice facilitates understanding of human beings more generally. The study focuses not on dismantling the rational core of scientific practice, but on illustrating how social, personal, and cognitive processes are intricately woven together in scientific thinking. The book is thus a contribution to science studies, the psychology of science, and general psychology.
What is Psychology?
Language: en
Authors: Connor Whiteley
Categories: Young Adult Nonfiction
Type: BOOK - Published: - Publisher: CDG Publishing

Perfect for students, anyone interested in psychology and psychology for beginners. BOOK CONTAINS LINK FOR FREE BOOK! What is psychology? What areas of human behaviour does psychology cover? What approaches are there to human behaviour? If the answer is yes to any of those questions and more, then this is the book for you! As you will learn about what psychology is, the five approaches to human behaviour and you’ll have an introduction to nine subfields of psychology. By the end of this book, you will have a great introduction to psychology because you’ll be able to explain what psychology involves and you’ll have the knowledge of the other subareas of psychology to look at your favourite topic in more depth. If you like this book, then you will love my other books. Like: Sociocultural Psychology 2nd Psychology and Abnormal Psychology. What is Psychology? Content: Introduction Chapter 1: What is Psychology? Chapter 2: Approaches to Psychology Chapter 3: Biological Psychology Chapter 4: Cognitive Psychology Chapter 5: Sociocultural Psychology Chapter 6: Abnormal Psychology Chapter 7: Psychology of Human Relationships Chapter 8: Health Psychology Chapter 9: Developmental Psychology Chapter 10: Research in Psychology Chapter 11: Forensic Psychology
Psychological Studies of Science and Technology
Language: en
Pages: 332
Authors: Kieran C. O'Doherty, Lisa M. Osbeck, Ernst Schraube, Jeffery Yen
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-08-24 - Publisher: Springer Nature

This book provides a significant contribution to scholarship on the psychology of science and the psychology of technology by showcasing a range of theory and research distinguished as psychological studies of science and technology. Science and technology are central to almost all domains of human activity, for which reason they are the focus of subdisciplines such as philosophy of science, philosophy of technology, sociology of knowledge, and history of science and technology. To date, psychology has been marginal in this space and limited to relatively narrow epistemological orientations. By explicitly embracing pluralism and an international approach, this book offers new perspectives and directions for psychological contributions. The book brings together leading theorists and researchers from around the world and spans scholarship across a variety of traditions that include theoretical psychology, critical psychology, feminist psychology and social constructionist approaches. Following a historical and conceptual introduction, the collection is divided into three sections: Scoping a New Psychology of Science and Technology, Applying Psychological Concepts to the Study of Science and Technology and Critical Perspectives on Psychology as a Science. The book will interest interdisciplinary scholars who work in the space of Science and Technology Studies and psychologists interested in the diverse human aspects of science and technology.
Science as Social Existence
Language: en
Pages: 444
Authors: Jeff Kochan
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-12-18 - Publisher: Open Book Publishers

In this bold and original study, Jeff Kochan constructively combines the sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) with Martin Heidegger’s early existential conception of science. Kochan shows convincingly that these apparently quite different approaches to science are, in fact, largely compatible, even mutually reinforcing. By combining Heidegger with SSK, Kochan argues, we can explicate, elaborate, and empirically ground Heidegger’s philosophy of science in a way that makes it more accessible and useful for social scientists and historians of science. Likewise, incorporating Heideggerian phenomenology into SSK renders SKK a more robust and attractive methodology for use by scholars in the interdisciplinary field of Science and Technology Studies (STS). Kochan’s ground-breaking reinterpretation of Heidegger also enables STS scholars to sustain a principled analytical focus on scientific subjectivity, without running afoul of the orthodox subject-object distinction they often reject. Science as Social Existence is the first book of its kind, unfurling its argument through a range of topics relevant to contemporary STS research. These include the epistemology and metaphysics of scientific practice, as well as the methods of explanation appropriate to social scientific and historical studies of science. Science as Social Existence puts concentrated emphasis on the compatibility of Heidegger’s existential conception of science with the historical sociology of scientific knowledge, pursuing this combination at both macro- and micro-historical levels. Beautifully written and accessible, Science as Social Existence puts new and powerful tools into the hands of sociologists and historians of science, cultural theorists of science, Heidegger scholars, and pluralist philosophers of science.
Certainties and Doubts
Language: en
Pages: 260
Authors: George Caspar Homans
Categories: Biography & Autobiography
Type: BOOK - Published: 1987-01-01 - Publisher: Transaction Publishers

George Caspar Homans, one of America's leading intellectual figures, presents here his collected papers, covering twenty-three years of work, on the nature of sound theory in social science. Subjects addressed include social structure, power, distributive justice, ethnomethodology, and behaviorism, all issues of concerns as well as continuing professional controversy. Homans also offers social histories that deal with social organization, political design, and the behavior of men and women in a time of fierce ideological conflict. He concludes by developing his viewpoint on the rightful place of general theory within social science. Homans' career has spanned many of the key periods in the development of twentieth century social science. His own work has been central to this process. He was the first and major sociologist to appreciate the sociologist implications of psychologists' work on learning and behavior theory. His contributions to modern sociology have had a major impact on the study of small groups, the problem of theory and methods of theory construction, and the study of basic characteristics of social behavior. George Casper Homans is a professor of sociology emeritus, Harvard University. He has taught at the Universities of Manchester, Cambridge, and Kent. He is the author of Coming to My Senses: The Autobiography of a Sociologist, (Transaction, 1984); The Human Group; Social Behavior; along with numerous other works on social behavior and social theory.
Realism and Psychological Science
Language: en
Pages: 151
Authors: David J. F. Maree
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-06-02 - Publisher: Springer Nature

The book provides an argument why realism is a viable metatheoretical framework for psychological science. By looking at some variations of realism such as scientific realism, critical realism, situational realism and Ferraris’ new realism, a realist view of science is outlined that can feature as a metatheory for psychological science. Realism is a necessary correction for the mythical image of science responsible for and maintained by a number of dichotomies and polarities in psychology. Thus, the quantitative-qualitative dichotomy, scientist-practitioner polarity and positivist-constructionist opposition feed off and maintains a mythic image of science on levels of practice, methods and metatheory. Realism makes a clear distinction between ontology and epistemic access to reality, the latter which easily fits with softer versions of constructionism, and the former which grounds science in resistance and possibility, loosely translated as criticism. By taking science as a critical activity an issue such as the quantitative imperative looses its defining force as a hallmark of science - it provides epistemic access to certain parts of reality. In addition, essentially critical activities characteristic of various qualitative approaches may be welcomed as proper science. Academics, professionals and researchers in psychology would find value in situating their scholarly work in a realist metatheory avoiding the pitfalls of traditional methodologies and theories.
The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
Language: en
Pages: 496
Authors: Jack Martin, Jeff Sugarman, Kathleen L. Slaney
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-05-06 - Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology presents a comprehensive exploration of the wide range of methodological approaches utilized in the contemporary field of theoretical and philosophical psychology. The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology presents a comprehensive exploration of the wide range of methodological approaches utilized in the contemporary field of theoretical and philosophical psychology. Gathers together for the first time all the approaches and methods that define scholarly practice in theoretical and philosophical psychology Chapters explore various philosophical and conceptual approaches, historical approaches, narrative approaches to the nature of human conduct, mixed–method studies of psychology and psychological inquiry, and various theoretical bases of contemporary psychotherapeutic practices Features contributions from ten Past Presidents of the Society of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, along with several Past Presidents of other relevant societies
Anti-terrorism, Forensic Science, Psychology In Police Investigations
Language: en
Authors: John S Major
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-03-06 - Publisher: Routledge

Books about Anti-terrorism, Forensic Science, Psychology In Police Investigations
Psychology and the Three Cultures
Language: en
Pages: 345
Authors: Rosalyn M. King
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-12-17 - Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

This book discusses the history and evolution of the field of psychology and its position as a global, integrated, hub science. It presents the nexus between science, the humanities and social sciences. It addresses the seminal work of Cambridge physicist C.P. Snow, who, more than five decades ago, wrote the book on The Two Cultures, outlining the intellectual schism between the academic disciplines—the humanities, arts, religion and the sciences. Today, the social sciences comprise the third culture; and Jerome Kagan, a Harvard developmental psychologist, published a book in 2009, The Three Cultures: Natural Sciences, Social Sciences and the Humanities in the 21st Century, responding to Snow’s earlier concerns that includes a look at the newest culture—the social sciences. Psychology and the Three Cultures—History, Perspectives and Portraits, examines early and current notions about the three cultures reflecting on C.P. Snow’s treatise on The Two Cultures, and Jerome Kagan’s treatise on The Three Cultures, as related to the field of psychology. The book illustrates how psychological science, historically, has blended all these cultures in order to understand human nature. It traces the history of psychology, highlighting pivotal places and people from around the world contributing to the evolution of the field. The book documents psychology as a global, integrated, hub science and a blend of the disciplines. The discussion here includes the emergence of psychology from the field of philosophy and the many subfields currently representing psychology today. Examples are provided of select subfields moving across disciplines, as well as portraits of three revolutionary scientists—Carl Jung, William James and Stanislav Grof—whose work intersects many disciplines as they study, understand and describe human nature. This book is a “must-read” for scholars, psychologists, social scientists, scientists, historians, and medical professionals, undergraduate and graduate students studying the history of psychological science and its evolution. The book is also written for lay persons interested in the field of psychology, dispelling the myth of psychology as a pseudoscience.
Between Conviction and Uncertainty
Language: en
Pages: 333
Authors: Jerry N. Downing
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000-07-13 - Publisher: SUNY Press

Explores the philosophical context within which psychotherapy functions.
Overcoming Psychologism: Husserl and the Transcendental Reform of Psychology
Language: en
Pages: 334
Authors: Larry Davidson
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-11-21 - Publisher: Springer Nature

This book shows us how rather than abandoning psychology once he liberated phenomenology from the psychologism of the philosophy of arithmetic, Edmund Husserl remained concerned with the ways in which phenomenology held important implications for a radical reform of psychology throughout his intellectual career. The author fleshes out what such a radical reform actually entails, and proposes that it can only be accomplished by following the trail of the transcendental reduction described in Husserl’s later works. In order to appreciate the need for the transcendental even for psychology, the book tracks Husserl’s thinking on the nature of this relationship between phenomenology as a philosophy and psychology as a positive science as it evolved over time. The text covers Husserl’s definition of phenomenology as “descriptive psychology” in the Logical Investigations, rejecting the hybrid form of “phenomenological psychology” described in the lectures by that name, and ends with his proposal for a “fundamental refashioning” of psychology by situating it within the transcendental framework of The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. The Author argues for a re-grounding of psychology by virtue of a “return to positivity” after having performed the reduction to transcendental intersubjectivity. What results is a phenomenological approach to a transcendentally-grounded psychology which, while having returned to the life-world, no longer remains transcendentally naïve. A phenomenologically-grounded psychology thus empowers researchers, clinicians, and clients alike to engage in social actions that move the world closer to achieving social justice for all. This text appeals to students and researchers working in phenomenology and psychology.
Psychology of Science
Language: en
Pages: 523
Authors: Robert W. Proctor, E.J. Capaldi
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-07-12 - Publisher: Oxford University Press

Symposium held at Purdue Univ. in June 4-5, 2010.