The Information Society

Author: Robert Hassan
Publisher: Polity
Size: 54.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Computers
Pages : 266
The Information Society GET EBOOK
What are we to make of the information society? Many prominent theorists have argued it to be the most profound and comprehensive transformation of economy, culture and politics since the rise of the industrial way of life in the 18th century. Some saw its arrival in a positive light, where the dreams of democracy, of connectivity and efficiency constituted a break with the old ways. But other thinkers viewed it more in terms of the recurrent nightmare of capitalism, where the processes of exploitation, commodification and alienation are given much freer rein than ever before. In this book Robert Hassan, a prominent theorist in new media and its effects, analyses and critically appraises these positions and forms them into a coherent narrative to illuminate the phenomenon. Surveying the works of major information society theorists from Daniel Bell to Nicholas Negroponte, and from Vincent Mosco to Manuel Castells, The Information Society is an invaluable resource for understanding the nature of the information society as well as the meta–processes of neoliberal globalisation and the revolution in information technologies that made it possible.
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The Information Society
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Pages: 266
Authors: Robert Hassan
Categories: Computers
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What are we to make of the information society? Many prominent theorists have argued it to be the most profound and comprehensive transformation of economy, culture and politics since the rise of the industrial way of life in the 18th century. Some saw its arrival in a positive light, where the dreams of democracy, of connectivity and efficiency constituted a break with the old ways. But other thinkers viewed it more in terms of the recurrent nightmare of capitalism, where the processes of exploitation, commodification and alienation are given much freer rein than ever before. In this book Robert Hassan, a prominent theorist in new media and its effects, analyses and critically appraises these positions and forms them into a coherent narrative to illuminate the phenomenon. Surveying the works of major information society theorists from Daniel Bell to Nicholas Negroponte, and from Vincent Mosco to Manuel Castells, The Information Society is an invaluable resource for understanding the nature of the information society as well as the meta–processes of neoliberal globalisation and the revolution in information technologies that made it possible.
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We are often told that we are "living in an information society" or that we are "information workers." But what exactly do these claims mean, and how might they be verified? In this important methodological study, Alistair S. Duff cuts through the rhetoric to get to the bottom of the "information society thesis." Wide-ranging in coverage, this study will be of interest to scholars in information science, communication and media studies and social theory. It is a key text for the newly-unified specialism of information society studies, and an indispensable guide to the future of this discipline.
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Whether termed the 'network society', the 'knowledge society' or the 'information society', it is widely accepted that a new age has dawned, unveiled by powerful computer and communication technologies. Yet for millennia humans have been recording knowledge and culture, engaging in the dissemination and preservation of information. In `The Early Information Society', the authors argue for an earlier incarnation of the information age, focusing upon the period 1900-1960. In support of this they examine the history and traditions in Britain of two separate but related information-rich occupations - information management and information science - repositioning their origins before the age of the computer and identifying the forces driving their early development. `The Early Information Society' offers an historical account which questions the novelty of the current information society. It will be essential reading for students, researchers and practitioners in the library and information science field, and for sociologists and historians interested in the information society.
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In times of global capitalist crisis we are witnessing a return of critique in the form of a surging interest in critical theories (such as the critical political economy of Karl Marx) and social rebellions as a reaction to the commodification and instrumentalization of everything. On one hand, there are overdrawn claims that social media (Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, etc) have caused uproars in countries like Tunisia and Egypt. On the other hand, the question arises as to what actual role social media play in contemporary capitalism, crisis, rebellions, the strengthening of the commons, and the potential creation of participatory democracy. The commodification of everything has resulted also in a commodification of the communication commons, including Internet communication that is today largely commercial in character. This book deals with the questions of what kind of society and what kind of Internet are desirable, how capitalism, power structures and social media are connected, how political struggles are connected to social media, what current developments of the Internet and society tell us about potential futures, how an alternative Internet can look like, and how a participatory, commons-based Internet and a co-operative, participatory, sustainable information society can be achieved.
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Pages: 304
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Pages: 72
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Categories: Computers
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The Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Laboratory for Computer Science (LCS) hasbeen responsible for some of the most significant technological achievements of the past fewdecades. Much of the hardware and software driving the information revolution has been, andcontinues to be, created at LCS. Anyone who sends and receives email, communicates with colleaguesthrough a LAN, surfs the Web, or makes decisions using a spreadsheet is benefiting from thecreativity of LCS members.LCS is an interdepartmental laboratory that brings together faculty,researchers, and students in a broad program of study, research, and experimentation. Theirprincipal goal is to pursue innovations in information technology that will improve people's lives.LCS members have been instrumental in the development of ARPAnet, the Internet, the Web, Ethernet,time-shared computers, UNIX, RSA encryption, the X Windows system, NuBus, and many othertechnologies.This book, published in celebration of LCS's thirty-fifth anniversary, chronicles itshistory, achievements, and continued importance to computer science. The essays are complemented byhistorical photographs.
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Papers originally presented at the World Summit on the Information Society, November 2005.