Building Categories in Interaction
Language: en
Pages: 467
Authors: Caterina Mauri, Ilaria Fiorentini, Eugenio Goria
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-12-15 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

This book addresses the topic of linguistic categorization from a novel perspective. While most of the early research has focused on how linguistic systems reflect some pre-existing ways of categorizing experience, the contributions included in this volume seek to understand how linguistic resources of various nature (prosodic cues, affixes, constructions, discourse markers, ...) can be ‘put to work’ in order to actively build categories in discourse and in interaction, to achieve social goals. This question is addressed in different ways by researchers from different subfields of linguistics, including psycholinguistics, conversation analysis, linguistic typology and discourse pragmatics, and a major point of innovation is represented in fact by the interdisciplinary nature of the volume and in the systematic search for converging evidence.
Extravagant Morphology
Language: en
Pages: 258
Authors: Matthias Eitelmann, Dagmar Haumann
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2022-03-15 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

Taking extra-vagans literally (Lat. ‘wandering outside, out of bounds’), this volume comprises nine case studies on extravagant morphology ranging from pattern-extending derivational processes via theory-challenging compounding processes to interface-straddling morphosyntactic phenomena. As a heuristic approach, morphological extravagance captures word-formation processes characterised by constraint violations, interface phenomena as well as borderline phenomena not easily reconcilable with traditional postulates of morphological accounts. In this regard, the notion of extravagance allows for an exploration of rule-bending language use both empirically and theoretically. The volume makes a valuable contribution to studies on morphological variation, which has only recently seen a renewed and growing interest in morphological phenomena that challenge morphological frameworks. The volume is of interest to all researchers who seek to gain a broader understanding of the mechanisms and factors at work in morphological variation and who are interested in the reassessment of morphological theorising in light of empirical data.
Evaluating Cognitive Competences in Interaction
Language: en
Pages: 238
Authors: Gitte Rasmussen, C.E. Brouwer, Dennis Day
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-11-21 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

Evaluation is a part of everyday life. Competences, knowledge and skills are assessed in ordinary as well as in institutional settings like hospitals, clinics and schools. This volume investigates how evaluations are being carried out interactionally. More specifically, it explores how people evaluate each others’ cognitive competences as they deal with each others’ understandings, knowings, feelings, doings, hearings and learnings face-to-face. The contributions focus on different evaluation activities in a variety of institutional settings in Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Holland and the United States of America. All the contributions approach the theme by use of Ethnomethodology (EM) and/or Conversation Analysis (CA). Thus, the analytic interests concern how participants organize activities of evaluating cognitive competences by means of recognizable interactional methods. This approach differs from other approaches and research interests within cognitive science as it concentrates on how people in interaction orient towards cognitive competence irrespective of scientific theories.
Sound Patterns in Interaction
Language: en
Pages: 406
Authors: Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen, Cecilia E. Ford
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2004-11-30 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

This collection of original papers by eminent phoneticians, linguists and sociologists offers the most recent findings on phonetic design in interactional discourse available in an edited collection. The chapters examine the organization of phonetic detail in relation to social actions in talk-in-interaction based on data drawn from diverse languages: Japanese, English, Finnish, and German, as well as from diverse speakers: children, fluent adults and adults with language loss. Because similar methodology is deployed for the investigation of similar conversational tasks in different languages, the collection paves the way towards a cross-linguistic phonology for conversation. The studies reported in the volume make it clear that language-specific constraints are at work in determining exactly which phonetic and prosodic resources are deployed for a given purpose and how they articulate with grammar in different cultures and speech communities.
Temporality in Interaction
Language: en
Pages: 342
Authors: Arnulf Deppermann, Susanne Günthner
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-03-20 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

Time is a constitutive element of everyday interaction: all verbal interaction is produced and interpreted in time. However, it is only recently that research in linguistics has started to take the temporality of linguistic production and reception in interaction into account by studying the real-time and on-line dimension of spoken language. This volume is the first systematic collection of studies exploring temporality in interaction and its theoretical foundations. It brings together researchers focusing on how temporality impinges on the production and interpretation of linguistic structures in interaction and how linguistic resources are designed to deal with the exigencies and potentials of temporality in interaction. The volume provides new insights into the temporal design of a range of heretofore unexplored linguistic phenomena from various languages as well as into the temporal aspects of linguistic structures in embodied interaction.
Classification in Social Research
Language: en
Pages: 255
Authors: Ramkrishna Mukherjee
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: - Publisher: SUNY Press

This important work is addressed to all researchers concerned with classification. It shows the serious limits of the traditional form of analytical classification. The solution it proposes, the inductive population approach, considers all possible cross-classifications in regard to attributes of the phenomena. This approach is theoretically grounded, avoids the tendency to generate excessively abstract constructs, and provides a clear way of linking empirical data with theoretically meaningful attributes of social systems. The last section of the book applies the method to kinship structures.
Group Communication
Language: en
Pages: 226
Authors: Peter Hartley
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 1997 - Publisher: Psychology Press

Group Communication introduces applications of small group dynamics. Hartley shows how an understanding of how groups work and interact can improve the chances of successful team communication and cooperation. Group Communication includes: * critical reviews of group research * explanation of the difficulties and practicalities of observing groups * analysis of major group processes, including conformity and decision-making * analysis and case studies of the management team, student seminar/project groups and self-help groups * practical recommendation for group communication * references and suggestions for further reading and research.
Relationships Among School Design Utilization, Personnel Interaction, and Attitudes
Language: en
Authors: Karl Thomas Hereford, Stanley E. Hecker
Categories: Interpersonal relations
Type: BOOK - Published: 1963 - Publisher:

Books about Relationships Among School Design Utilization, Personnel Interaction, and Attitudes
Theory of Interaction
Language: en
Pages: 358
Authors: Eugene Savov
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2002 - Publisher:

The proposed, third for the last one hundred years, picture of the universe lacks the basic flaws of the big bang theory and explains many puzzling observations in the near and distant space. A small part of the book requires a space physics background, while most of it is written in a highly explanatory, sometimes entertaining, language. This makes the presented ideas and findings accessible to non-scientists and scientists of all persuasions. It is shown that complexity originates in the observer's mind from the discovered amazingly simple structure of reality. The book asks too many questions, gives answers, tells attractive puzzles and extraordinary predictions. Everybody interested in the origin of the universe, life and mind will be deeply thrilled by the disclosed counterintuitive simplicity of nature. The simplicity of explanation can be challenged only with a greater simplicity because of the principle of economy, which is a basic tool in science, technology and engineering. This principle says that it is a vanity to do with more what can be done with less. Nothing is simpler than one self-reproducing interaction, whose multiscale similar outcomes account for everything. The author discovered this spirally contracting and expanding interaction and the consequent fireworks like universe beginning in 1991. The book brings to light his surprising findings and their confirmation by considerations and too many observations. It is well known that nothing is more practical than a good theory. So the improvement of the quality of life depends on the advance of knowledge. The revealed firework universe rocks with its stunning self-consistence as it lucidly explains the perplexing matter-antimatter asymmetry, the normal galaxies at the fringes of the observable universe, the creation of galaxies, stars and planets, the origin of life, consciousness and many other enigmatic phenomena.
Promoting Reform in Mathematics Education by Building Content Knowledge, Technological Skills, and Teacher Community
Language: en
Pages: 574
Authors: Andrea Marie Lachance
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 1999 - Publisher:

Using qualitative methods including interviews, videotaped observations, and document analysis, we studied this course with the hope that it would contribute to a better understanding of how professional development can contribute to systemic reform. In the end, our data pointed to three main findings: (1)Working with peers on contextual mathematical problems and presenting their solutions to the group helped teachers increased their mathematical reflection and flexible thinking skills. (2)Using technological tools to explore mathematics lead to half of the teachers improving their skills with using technology. (3)Conducting this workshop with the entire mathematics faculty from a single school and challenging that faculty to work together on problem solving and developing technological skills promoted the beginnings of a stronger teacher community with this group.
Fixed Expressions
Language: en
Pages: 238
Authors: Ritva Laury, Tsuyoshi Ono
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-11-15 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

This volume concerns the structure and use of fixed expressions in a range of typologically, genetically and areally distinct languages. The chapters consider the use contexts of fixed expressions, at the same time taking seriously the need to account for their structural aspects. Formulaicity is taken here as a central feature of everyday language use, and fixed expressions as a basic utterance building resource for interaction. Our crosslinguistic investigation suggests that humans have the propensity to automatize ways to handle various discourse-level needs for specific sequential contexts by creating (semi-)fixed expressions based on frequent patterns. The chapters examine topics such as the degrees and types of fixedness, the emergence of fixed expressions, their connection to social action, the new understanding of traditional linguistic categories in light of fixedness, crosslinguistic variation in types of fixed expressions, as well as their non-verbal aspects. The volume situates the notion of ‘units’ of language at the intersection of interaction and formal structure as part of a larger effort to replace rule-based conceptions of language with a more dynamic, realistic and pragmatically based model of language. The articles are based on naturally occurring data, mostly everyday conversation, in English, Estonian, Finnish, Japanese, and Mandarin, with some crosslinguistic comparison.
The Human Sciences after the Decade of the Brain
Language: en
Pages: 320
Authors: Jon Leefmann, Elisabeth Hildt
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-02-09 - Publisher: Academic Press

The Human Sciences after the Decade of the Brain brings together exciting new works that address today’s key challenges for a mutual interaction between cognitive neuroscience and the social sciences and humanities. Taking up the methodological and conceptual problems of choosing a neuroscience approach to disciplines such as philosophy, history, ethics and education, the book deepens discussions on a range of epistemological, historical, and sociological questions about the "neuro-turn" in the new millennium. The book’s three sections focus on (i) epistemological questions posed by neurobiologically informed approaches to philosophy and history, (ii) neuroscience’s influence on explanations for social and moral behavior, and (iii) the consequences of the neuro-turn in diverse sectors of social life such as science, education, film, and human self-understanding. This book is an important resource both for students and scholars of cognitive neuroscience and biological psychology interested in the philosophical, ethical, and societal influences of—and on—their work as well as for students and scholars from the social sciences and humanities interested in neuroscience. Explores the recent influence of neuroscience on the humanities and social sciences and how they respond to these influences Offers in-depth analysis of the theoretical and practical influence of a brain-centered scientific view in diverse areas of the social sciences including economics, education, cultural studies, and philosophy Investigates contributions of the history of science to scrutinizing current neuroscience–based approaches to social and moral behavior